Drugs Affecting Heart Rate

Drugs Affecting Heart Rate   Beta-blockers Propranolol + Timolol + Pindolol – These are non-specific beta-blockers Atenolol + Bisoprolol – These are specific beta-1-receptor blockers The beta-blockers work by inhibiting sympathetic stimulation on the...

Drugs Used in Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Drugs These drugs are used to inhibit certain cancers which are characterized by the presence of oestrogen receptors on target cells. For breast cancer, they will only be given if the cancer is estrogen receptor positive. SERMS (selective estrogen...

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy These drugs aim to kill fast dividing cells which is a hallmark of malignant cells. They are given at interval (cycles of treatment) to allow the recovery of normal tissue. There are different classes of chemotherapy drugs: 1) Combination chemotherapy...

Antipsychotics

Antipsychotics These drugs work by blocking the Dopamine D2 receptors in the mesolimbic and mesocortical areas of the brain. – The more the dopamine receptor binding affinity, the better the clinical potency and efficacy of the drug. – They are classically...

Anti-Depressants

Anti-Depressants SSRIs e.g. Fluoxetine + Sertraline + Citalopram + Escitalopram + Paroxetine These are inhibitors of the SERT serotonin transporter and block reuptake, potentiating the 5-HT action – They are first line in the treatment of depression but can take...

Immunosuppressants

Immunosuppressants   These drugs are used to dampen down the immune system which is essential in the management of several inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. – The first line drugs are steroids, but these cannot be used long term due to side effects,...