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In2Med

Renal-Urinary

  • Understand renal physiology and fluid balance
  • Renal Investigations: bedside tests and imaging
  • Types of renal failure
  • Types of glomerulonephritis
  • Urinary tract infections and cancers

What this Module Involves

This module first covers the essential anatomy and physiology of the renal system. We then go through the various types of simple investigations which give us an insight into the renal functions – including blood tests and the all important urine dipstick. We then take a deeper look into some of the imaging used and procedures like dialysis and renal transplants. A large section then involves studying acute vs chronic renal failure, understanding nephrotic vs nephritic syndrome and then looking at urinary tract infections and cancers.

Contents

Section 1:
Background

This starts with an overview basic anatomy of the kidneys and urinary tract. We then do a quick overview of basic renal physiology and how fluid levels are maintained in the body. After this, we take a look at the anatomy of the male genito-urinary system understanding the path that spermatozoa take as they travel from testes to the penis and the key role of the prostate gland.

Section 2: Tests and investigations

This looks at how we use urea and creatinine levels to assess renal function. We then look at bedside tests like urine dipstick and explain what each variable measures. The next part involves looking at various types of renal and bladder imaging before explaining different types of procedures like dialysis, transplant and their various complications.

Section 3:
conditions

This first explains the symptoms, classification and management of acute and chronic renal failure. We then distinguish nephrotic vs nephritic syndrome before exploring urinary tract infections and malignancies.  The next section involves going through the main male conditions – testicular cancers, prostate pathology and penis conditions.

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