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In2Med

Radiology

  • Understand the basic principles of each imaging type
  • Understand how to present X-rays of the chest, abdo and limbs
  • Understand how to present CT scans of the head
  • Go through common examples

What this Module Involves

This module first covers the general principles of the various imaging types: X-rays, CT scans, MRI and ultrasound and what each imaging modality is usually used for. The remaining section then goes through the 4 main types medical students will be asked to interpret, chest X-rays, Abdominal films, CT heads and X-rays of the limbs (orthopaedics). For each we go through a systematic method to present ensuring that you cover all the important details and then apply this method to common conditions you are likely to see.

Contents

Section 1:
Background

To begin with, we go through the general principles of the various imaging types: X-rays, CT scans, MRI and ultrasound and what each imaging modality is usually used for. Here we cover the advantages and risks of each imaging type.

Section 2:
Chest X-ray

This goes through chest x-rays and how to present them in a systematic way using the ABCDE approach. We then go through different cases applying this method like consolidation patterns, fibrosis, lung collapse, lines and pneumothorax.

Section 3:
Abdominal film

Once we have a grounding with chest X-rays, we use a similar approach for abdominal films. We use a systematic method called BBC and then cover common cases like bowel obstruction, inflammatory bowel disease and volvulus. 

Section 4:
MSK X-Ray

This section again uses a similar approach, this time on X-rays of the limbs. Example cases here include fractures of the upper and lower  limb, degenerative joint conditions, arthritis and osteoporosis.  These films are what one would commonly see in A&E. 

Section 5:
CT head

A modality that is now so important, we go through CT heads using a structured approach called BCBVB. This allows us to interpret common cases.  This includes the various types of intracranial bleeds, hydrocephalus, strokes and tumours. 

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